I first heard about the amazing usefulness of hemp when I was in college, 25 years ago. I had gotten onto the mailing lists of various environmental organizations, and from time to time they mentioned that hemp is excellent for making biofuel, food for humans and animals, rope, clothing, paper, plastics, construction and auto-body materials, skin moisturizers, and animal bedding–but it had been illegal to grow in the United States since 1937 because hemp is the same plant species as marijuana. Even though a crop of cannabis grown for hemp is planted and nurtured very differently from one grown for marijuana, so that one can’t actually harvest both hemp and marijuana from the same plants, in the 1990s hemp could be grown only in a few countries, like Romania.
I read a lot about hemp in the 1990s, including an entire book, Hemp Horizons: The Comeback of the World’s Most Promising Plant by John W. Roulac. Writing in 1997, he was optimistic that the U.S. government would soon see the sense of legalizing hemp cultivation to help reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, resource-intensive and chemically-dependent crops like corn and cotton, and deforestation.
I was optimistic, too! I bought every imported hemp product I could find and afford, to demonstrate that there is a market for it. By 2000, I’d tried hemp twine, hemp lotion, hemp lip balm, hemp protein powder, hemp seed oil (you can’t cook with it, but it’s tasty on oatmeal instead of butter), hemp Adidas sneakers with recycled rubber soles (great!!), a hemp canvas purse (okay, that was not as durable as leather or nylon), and the 55% hemp 45% cotton sweater I’m wearing here.
This is a recent photo. I’ve had the sweater at least 18 years and worn it regularly every winter! It’s amazing. Stains wash right out. It never stinks, no matter how much I sweat or how many times I wear it between washings. It’s soft and warm. I’ve snipped the occasional dangling thread, but it has never needed any mending.
I’d still recommend Hemp Horizons to anyone interested in learning about hemp’s uses and its history up to 1997. But the change it predicted took a long time coming…and when it did, nobody told me!
Despite continuing to read a lot about environmental issues and to purchase eco-friendly products from stores and mail-order companies, I somehow missed hearing the news that the 2014 Farm Bill legalized the growing of industrial hemp in the United States, enabling each state to make its own laws about who can grow how much hemp with what type of permit process. (Here is a USDA statement about hemp.)
Oddly enough, at the same time I heard nothing about that, I heard a whole lot about the gradual legalization of marijuana. I’ve followed that issue with interest, too. After years of working with research data that included detailed information on participants’ substance use, after reading my friend Andy Looney’s eloquent arguments for legalization and hearing about his exploration of the legal marijuana scene in Amsterdam, after learning that our bodies produce endocannabinoids (substances similar in structure and function to phytocannabinoids found in cannabis plants) and we have receptors specifically for cannabinoids, after learning that cannabis never kills anyone (unlike alcohol!), after reading more and more about the medical uses of marijuana and personally knowing many people who found it more effective with fewer side effects than any other drug, after spending many hours hanging out with stoned people and seeing how different they are from drunk people . . . I could only conclude that marijuana should be legal for both medical and recreational use by adults.
My daughter was born in 2014, and her “newspaper from the day before you were born” (because she didn’t emerge until the morning after I bought the newspaper while in labor) has a front-page story about Pennsylvania’s first efforts toward allowing children with extremely severe epilepsy to be treated with marijuana, which can save their lives. I saw that news even when I was distracted by having a baby! But somehow I didn’t hear about the 2014 Farm Bill until late 2017. (On January 1, 2018, medical marijuana became legally available in Pennsylvania for treatment of 17 specific conditions, including epilepsy.)
The other news nobody told me was the series of discoveries that cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, shows great promise for treating a wide variety of physical and mental health problems. I didn’t hear about CBD until a chance conversation at church coffee hour in late 2017 . . . And then, once I looked around, I realized it’s suddenly everywhere! There are at least 4 places to buy CBD, legally, as a packaged consumer product, within one mile of my house!
I’ve learned a lot about CBD, both through research and through experimenting on myself, and I’m presenting my findings in this article at Kitchen Stewardship!
Twenty years after the publication of Hemp Horizons, we are finally getting a glimpse into what legalizing cannabis–both hemp and marijuana–means for our health, society, environment, and quality of life. It’s taken so much longer to get here than I imagined as an idealistic college student! I didn’t picture my middle-aged self rubbing CBD oil into arthritic feet–but I’m so glad that I can. And at least it happened soon enough that I’m still wearing the same sweater.
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